Articles in Press

“Articles in Press” are papers that have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication in Variance, but have not yet appeared in final printed form. These articles are provided here as a temporary resource, available until formal publication of the paper. They have not yet been copy-edited or fully formatted according to the style used in Variance. Thus, the text may still change before final publication.

NCCI's 2014 Excess Loss Factors by Dan Corro and Yen-Chieh Tseng
Accepted March 13, 2019

A Simple Method for Modeling Changes Over Time by Uri Korn
Accepted March 12, 2019

Loss Reserving Using Estimation Methods Designed for Error Reduction by Gary G Venter
Accepted March 12, 2019

Approximating the Aggregate Loss Distribution by Dmitry E. Papush, Aleksey S. Popelyukhin, and Jasmine G. Zhang
Accepted March 12, 2019

Text Mining in Insurance: From Unstructured Data to Meaning by Diego Zappa, Mattia Borrelli, Gian Paolo Clemente, and Nino Savelli
Accepted January 9, 2019

A Comparison: Some Approximations for the Aggregate Claims Distribution by K. Ranee Thiagarajah
Accepted October 3, 2018

Risk Aggregation: A General Approach via the Class of Generalized Gamma Convolutions by Justin Miles, Edward Furman, and Alexey Kuznetsov
Accepted September 11, 2018

q-Credibility by Olivier Le Courtois
Accepted September 10, 2018

Bias-Variance Tradeoff: A Property-Casualty Modeler's Perspective by Joshua Brady and Donald R. Brockmeier
Accepted July 29, 2018

The Cox Hazard Model for Claims Data by Samuel Berestizhevsky and Tanya Kolosova
Accepted May 30, 2018

Objective Bayesian Estimation of the Mean of Severity and Frequency Distributions by Limor Langbord, Zinoviy Landsman, and Udi E. Makov
Accepted May 30, 2018

Generalized Linear Mixed Models for Dependent Compound Risk Models by Emiliano Valdez, Himchan Jeong, Jae Youn Ahn, and Sojung Park
Accepted May 21, 2018

Expected Adverse Deviation as a Measure of Risk Distribution by Derek W. Freihaut, Christopher M. Holt, Robert J. Walling
Accepted April 27, 2018

On Prediction of Future Insurance Claims When the Model is Uncertain by Liang Hong, Todd Kuffner, and Ryan Martin
Accepted April 27, 2018

A Recent History of the Statement of Actuarial Opinion, Solvency Regulation and the Actuarial Profession in the United States by Joseph A. Herbers and Aaron N. Hillebrandt
       Timeline of Developments in the P/C Insurance Industry, the Actuarial Profession and Solvency Regulation
Accepted April 27, 2018

An Alternative Approach to Credibility for Large Account and Excess of Loss Treaty Pricing by Uri Korn
Accepted April 12, 2018

Using Survival Analysis to Predict Workers' Compensation Termination by Ian Duncan, Nhan Huynh MS1, Roberto Molinari PhD and Janet Duncan
Accepted April 11, 2018

Minimum Bias, GLMs, and Credibility in the Context of Predictive Modeling by Chris Gross and Jon Evans
Accepted March 6, 2018

The Log-Gamma Distribution and Non-Normal Error by Leigh J. Halliwell, FCAS, MAAA
Accepted March 6, 2018

A Bayesian Approach to Excess of Loss Pure Premium Rating by Jack Barnett
Accepted March 6, 2018

Pricing Catastrophe Excess of Loss Reinsurance using Power Curves and the Generalized Logarithmic Mean by J.F. Walhin
Accepted March 4, 2018

Machine Learning Methods to Perform Pricing Optimization. A Comparison with Standard GLMs by Giorgio Alfredo Spedicato, Christophe Dutang, and Leonardo Petrini
Accepted February 10, 2018

Estimating an Implied Paid Tail Factor: An Application of Shepard's Method by Devan Griffith
Accepted February 10, 2018

A Model for Policy Size and Diversification Discounts by Jay M. Call
Accepted January 21, 2018

Embedded Predictive Analysis of Misrepresentation Risk in GLM Ratemaking Models by Michelle Xia, Lei Hua, and Gary Vadnais
Accepted January 18, 2018

Preliminary Selection of Risk Factors in P&C Ratemaking by Florian Pechon, Julien Trufin, and Michel Denuit
Accepted January 4, 2018

Geographical Ratings with Spatial Random Effects in a Two-Part Model by Chun Wang, Elizabeth D. Schifano, and Jun Yan
Accepted October 25, 2017

“On the Properties of the Primary Loss and the Excess Loss in NCCI’s Experience Rating Plan” by Liang Hong
Accepted October 24, 2017

Parameter Reduction in Actuarial Triangle Models by Gary G. Venter, Roman Gutkovich, and Qian Gao
Accepted October 24, 2017

One-Year and Total Run-Off Reserve Risk Estimators Based on Historical Ultimate Estimates by Filippo Siegenthaler
Accepted October 23, 2017

“Where the Home Insurance Meets the Climate Change: Making Sense of Climate Risk, Data Uncertainty and Projections” by Vyacheslav Lyubchich, Kelly H. Kilbourne, and Yulia R. Gel
Accepted October 17, 2017

“A Fundamental Approach to Cyber Risk Analysis” by Rainer Boehme, Stefan Laube, and Markus Riek
Accepted October 13, 2017

“Bayesian Predictive Modeling for Exponential-Pareto Composite Distribution” by M. S. Aminzadeh and Min Deng
Accepted August 29, 2017

“A Cost of Capital Risk Margin Formula for Non-Life Insurance Liabilities” by Glenn Meyers
Accepted August 19, 2017

"Reserving for Infrastructure Service Contracts" by Thomas E. Wendling
Accepted July 17, 2017

On Developing a Solvency Framework for Bookmakers,” by Dominic Cortis
Accepted January 16, 2017

Generalized Framework of Mack Stochastic Chain Ladder Method,” by Przemyslaw Sloma
Accepted August 22, 2016

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Mission Statement

Variance (ISSN 1940-6452) is a peer-reviewed journal published by the Casualty Actuarial Society to disseminate work of interest to casualty actuaries worldwide. The focus of Variance is original practical and theoretical research in casualty actuarial science. Significant survey or similar articles are also considered for publication. Membership in the Casualty Actuarial Society is not a prerequisite for submitting papers to the journal and submissions by non-CAS members is encouraged.